Chairperson : Pol. Cap.Prof.Yongyuth Sarasombath
Constitution is the supreme law of the land and master plan for governing the country.
The National Strategy is like a navigator that leads the country toward stability, prosperity, sustainability to become a developed country.
As for national administration, “National Strategy” is a framework that provides direction and roadmap to lead Thailand toward achieving the national goal. It also serves as a master model for state administration and leading country toward security and prosperity of the nation and the people in the next 20 years.
“Draft Law on National Strategy” provides mechanisms and processes for creating national strategy that would serve as a master plan for various national development plans and policies: bureaucratic administration, allocation of budgets and resources, military security, politics, state administration, local administration, education, economy, public health, social affairs and science etc. The National strategy will last 20 years and be subject to review every 5 years or in case that any situation in which the main purpose of the Plan is adversely affected occurs
Making of mechanisms and processes for the National Strategy is aimed at creating efficiency and acceptance from the people and reflecting the true needs of the country. It shall focus on the inclusiveness of all sectors. All of these are to create acceptance among people so that an implementation of the national strategy plan is viable to achieve common goals.
Section 61 of the Constitution Drafting refers to the National strategy that State shall provide a national strategy as the goals of national development and being the framework of making the plans by setting up a roadmap and timeframe for achieving the goals as set out in laws (on national strategy). This means the future governments will have to follow the National Strategy in its administration. In addition, the national strategy making process shall take into account an inclusiveness from all stakeholders and a principle of “civil state”, and shall exclude the populist policy.
History of making a national strategy
On 23 June 2015, the National Reform Council adopted the report on “Guidance on National Strategic Legislation”.
On 26 June 2015, General Prayut Chan-O-Cha, Leader of the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO) and Prime Minister, paid special attention to this issue and announced it in TV Program “Return Happiness to Thailand”. That it is the policy of the NCPO and government to set up a 20-year National Strategy Plan.
On 30 June 2015, the Cabinet appointed the National Strategy Commission, which is chaired by Secretary to the Prime Minister, with a mandate to prepare the content of the National Strategy. Following the expiry of National Reform Council, the National Reform Steering Committee on State Administration has carried on the tasks and submitted the report to the National Reform Steering Assembly (NRSA). The report was approved on 16 February 2016 and was later submitted by NRSA Chairperson to the government on 6 March 2016.
Why Thailand Needs a National Strategy Plan
Until now Thailand has had a wide variety of development and strategy plans that are scattered throughout ministries and government agencies. Most agencies have their own strategies, lacking integration with other agencies. Moreover, the allocation and spending of the budgets for national development have always been separated for each ministry/agency. This in turn results in non-uniformity in the direction of government administration. The mission on shaping the country’s future was mostly conducted by politicians and government sectors, when inclusiveness of the private sectors and the public barely exists. On the contrary, the developed countries and more than 60 countries developing countries around the world have their own strategies set forth as their national agenda.
The Significance of National Strategy for National Development as set out in the Constitution Drafting
- National Strategy is formulated in a constitution drafting section 65 could be summarized that State shall provide the National Strategy as a goal of nation development and being a framework of making plans by setting period of time for achieving the goal following the law (on national strategy).
- Providing that the proposal of appropriation bill shall comply with the National Strategy (section 142)
- Policy Statement by the Cabinet prior to taking the office shall comply with the National Strategy (section 162)
- The state administration of the Cabinet shall follow the policy statement made to the Parliament. (section 162 and 164)
- Providing that the Cabinet shall issue law on national strategy within 90 days and shall complete the national strategy plan within one year from the date of the promulgation of the Constitution. (section 275)
However “the principle of making national strategy”, beginning with setting a long-term goal and reviewed every 5 years or in case when the situation affect to the main objectives.
What people will benefit from the National Strategy
With the advent of the National Strategy, Thailand will for the first time have its strategy at a national level. It will serve as a master plan for national development in every aspect. Such development will become continuous. All the development plans will become integrated and prioritized to respond to the need of the people and the nation, including the urgent need in each significant field of development. Distribution of national budgets and resources will become more efficient and effective. Ultimately, these would allow every sector in Thailand – government sector, private sector, academic sector and the public – to take part in the future of the country and work together for the sake of the National Development.